La historia de
Cinco de mayo
After gaining independence from Spain in 1821, Mexico became indebted to many foreign nations, including Spain, England, and France.
In 1861, President Benito Juarez issued a moratorium (debt payments would be suspended for 2 years, then would be repaid). Spain and England accepted, but France did not.
The French army, under order from Napoleon III, invaded Mexico and headed toward Mexico City.
On their way to Mexico City, the French army met General Ignacio Zaragoza, and his smaller, poorly armed militia of Mestizo and Zapotec Indians, in the city of Puebla.
Even though out-matched, the Mexican army defeated the French at the "Batalla de Puebla."
The victory instilled a sense of national pride and unity in the Mexican patriots, although the French army eventually defeated the Mexican army and took over the country.
To this day, Cinco de Mayo
celebrates the bravery and triumph of General Zaragoza and his men.